Stage lighting

- Oct 24, 2017 -

Stage lighting


Stage lighting, also known as "stage lighting", referred to as "light". Stage art modeling means one. The use of stage lighting equipment (such as lighting, slide, control system, etc.) and technical means, with the development of the plot to light color and its changes show the environment, rendering the atmosphere, highlight the center, creating a sense of space, sense of time Stage performance of the external image and provide the necessary lighting effects (such as wind, rain, cloud, water, lightning)


brief introduction

Stage lighting is an important part of the performance space. Is based on the development of the plot to the characters and the specific scene required for a full range of visual environment lighting design, and purposeful design intent to visual representation of the way to the audience's artistic creation. Should be comprehensive, systematic consideration of the characters and plot of space modeling, rigorously follow the shape of the law, the use of good means.


Shaping the image of the role and creative description

A) , contour backlight

B) psychological description - dialogue, monologue, memories, hope, fantasy

C) creative description - concrete, abstract, realistic, non-realistic

Stage space environment

A) the performance of the space environment -

B) B) the performance of the time environment -

C) C) Performance of seasonal environment -

D) D) Performance of other environments -

Grasp the atmosphere of the stage to form a relationship

A) Brightness relationship - the development of the degree of light / perspective / those who grab before the dark back / dark contrast control / high-profile - emphasis / low-key - the effect is significant

B) B) color relationship - reality / decoration / saturation / color temperature / color contrast - color contrast

C) C) Spatiotemporal relationship - time color change / zone change / perspective perception / distance sense

D) D) relationship relationship - emotional communication / psychological resonance

E) E) formal relationship - natural / exaggeration / abstraction

F) F) Aesthetic relations - works with performance and wiping; aesthetic standards and / performance effects / literacy

G) G) subjective objective relationship - the concept of subjective expression of the plot; objective reproduction of the lighting composition of the space

H) H) primary and secondary relationship - focus on people and non-key figures, the effect of people and King - people bright and King Liang; emphasis on focus - to reduce the non-key, local fulcrum -

I) I) contextual relationship - the same scene can produce different light effects, so that the scene is affectionate;

J) J) Creation of vocabulary relations - with independent ideas; closely related to the plot; continuous lighting effect of the screen

K) Technical support and implementation A) visual features - phototaxis / adaptability / fatigue

L) B) Appropriate brightness - the size of the theater and the auditorium / the distance / content request / cast distance / projection area / power / light efficiency utilization

D) Combination of light - the use of the performance of the lamp / multi-lamp arrangement / lighting combination of common / fixed-point light / single light special effects / effects equipment applications

D) Lighting effect - Projection angle - Projection direction / Zone combination Connection / Lamp concealment mode - Exposure mode


Control and operation - dimming - changing voltage / coinciding with the plot Temporal conversion / changing timing - lines - body - tunes - sound effects / programming, operation, management


development process

Early drama had an open-air or semi-open performance history, all with sunlight as a light source. But with the venue into the indoor or night performances, began to appear stage lighting


According to the text records, 1102 years later, the Northern Song Dynasty Bianliang, every Lantern Festival are performing "hundred drama", the stands downstairs with the wooden base into the stage, Taiwan on both sides of the stacking up the lights on a pendant Zhang Yu, internal combustion rafters, which is the beginning of China's artificial light source. In the 16th century, if you were performing at night outdoors, a bonnet was made as a light source with a dipped resin rope. 15 to 16 century, the Italian designer division of the shade lighting test. At the beginning of the 17th century the Italians made a variety of tests to control the light in the show. And the French classical performance has also done how to show a day and night time to change the attempt. Since the 18th century, the show off the audience stadium lights, leaving only stage lighting, has formed a practice. 1755 Dresden theater opera "Yeou", the stage lit candles up to 8000 as much. Since the 19th century, the light source has changed rapidly. 1808 London Lanxin Theater first used a gas lamp. Because the gas lamp can be unified control of the pipeline and can be bright and dark changes to be promoted. British H. de la Montomer invented the lime lamp, on the stage can produce similar to sunlight or moonlight light color. In 1870 the United Kingdom used lime lights as chasing light, and then painted on the lime lamp paint on the shade to obtain shade effect. 1846 Paris Opera for the first time the use of arc light source, and then use the arc light to produce color silk filter and created with five consecutive lights to show the sun from sunset to the whole process of the stage image. At the beginning of the 20th century, after the advent of tungsten filament lamp, the stage provided a light spotlight, and for the performance of the stage space, creating the stage atmosphere provides favorable conditions. Dimmer of the invention, the unified management of the lighting system and the use of color filters, have strengthened the stage lighting performance. In 1920 the Italian M. Fultoni designed a soft light reflection system, using the arc light reflected from the silk to simulate the natural light color performance sky illusion.


At the beginning of the 20th century Swiss stage artist A. Apia and the British director, stage artist Gordon Gray has put forward the theory of light art modeling, requiring light to express visual sculpture, musical sense and stage space movement and rhythm The Practice has proved that it opens up a vast world of light art. In the modernist performance, futuristic and expressionist performances are very important to the role of stage lighting. Such as the use of flashing lights to create a turbulent stage atmosphere; to cut the light instead of closing, making the montage on the stage scenes. 20 years German director E. Piccato first used the film on the stage approach. In the 1950s the stage artist of the Czechoslovakia, J. Swaborda created a multi-screen, multi-level multi-angle projection technology and a different lighting shaping technique, which enriched the stage lighting of the modeling language, further promoted the lighting art development of.


After the Song Dynasty in China, the stage had used artificial lighting, the Qing Dynasty Zhang Dai's "Tao Anmeng memory" has written records, lanterns also began in the Song Dynasty. Liu Huiji in the show "Tang Ming Huang swim Moon Palace" when used to change the light. The late Qing Dynasty, the palace and the people are performing "light color drama." Guangxu ten years (1884) Empress birthday, a show to use candles 448, and folk performances "Cowherd and Weaver" also used a lot of magpie lights. After the Revolution of 1911, the Chinese theater generally uses a gas or light lighting. From 1933 Shanghai staged "roar it, China!" "From time to time, the Chinese stage began to build a stage condenser projection system. After 1954, has built a number of international standards in the theater, the introduction and establishment of China's own stage lighting series, the development of China's unique performance of the slide show.



Function: make the stage picture clearer: so that the audience can see what the stage or some of the corner without the audience to see (present). to enhance the performance of the stage performance: in line with the needs of the story, so that the background appears natural, play on the plot to set off, suggesting and induce the role of regulating the atmosphere (actors, the audience). Stage light use principle: strength (referring to the brightness of light): must have enough light, so that the audience can see the color, appearance and details. distribution: including the use of light distribution and the direction of the direction of the distribution of the stage, the main body must be with the supporting and background and significantly different (color) can be distinguished brightness. color: rely on color paper, computer color, etc. to meet the needs of the story. changes: according to the plot needs, so that the light color, brightness, movement to change. In the course of the specific use of the stage lights, in the reduction of a light source, should do a good job to enhance the preparation of the next light, in addition to the special needs of the plot. So as to avoid the black sound, so as not to affect the work of the cast and crew.



Stage lighting in the role of modern stage performances: lighting performances, so that the audience to see the actors and scenes of the image; guide the audience line of sight; shape the characters, contrast emotions and show the stage illusion; create the space needed for the play ; rendering the atmosphere; display, empty conversion, highlight the conflict of drama and strengthen the stage rhythm, rich artistic appeal. Sometimes with the stage stunt.


Modern stage drama "Tai Wai house" by the Shenzhen Meiya culture media to build the stage lighting in the performance of the intensity of light, color, lighting distribution, lighting, and so have a greater plasticity and controllability. The artistic effect of the stage lighting is with the progress of the show, the stage atmosphere of the continuous transformation and show.



Stage lighting according to the optical structure can be divided into floodlights, spotlights and slide three; according to the stage of the installation of the surface and there are light, slap in the face, foot light, column light, the top row of light, day light, Light of the points. A floodlight system is a lamp that can emit uniform and gentle light and illuminate a certain direction of light. Separate floodlights, jacking lights, footlights and curtain lights are generally used for lighting the sky, painting scenery or play area. Condensation system refers to the light can be issued and can control the scope of the light range. Generally with the principle of refraction, through the lens cast a different spot. Such as the use of thread soft lens can produce soft edges of the spot. The use of reflective optical structure to obtain the effect of light received back light. Slide system is in front of the spotlight and then add a set of objective lens to cast light imaging. This slide can be divided into: the use of slide imaging cast slides; through the rotation of the disc chain to the clouds, water, fire and other activities cast on the scene of the cast slides; the use of long focal length objective So that a small spot clear imaging. Highlight the protagonist of the image of the follow-up light; ellipsoid concave mirror called modeling lights.


The stage lighting control system must be able to effectively control and deploy all the lamps and produce harmonized artistic effects. It consists of power distribution board, dimmer and the main console of three parts.


Stage lighting design based on the script, director requirements and stage art of the overall idea of artistic ideas, drawing cloth layout, and the specific arrangements for technical work. Lighting design should be able to use a variety of modeling methods to adapt to different styles of performance, if the performance requirements to show the realist style, while others require the creation of abstract, freehand or metaphorical mood


Design knowledge

The usual light of the stage lights

To do a good job of professional stage lights configuration, we must first understand the stage light commonly used light. This is an important part of the proper selection of configuration. 1, surface light: from the top of the audience to the front of the stage to the light, the main role for the character front lighting and the whole basic light patch.

2, slap in the mouth: located on both sides of the mouth, oblique cast on the stage of light, divided into upper and lower layers, the main auxiliary surface light, strengthen the facial lighting, increase the characters,

3, column light (also known as side light): from both sides of the mouth of the projection of light, mainly for people or scenery on both sides of the lighting, increase the sense of three-dimensional, contours.

4, the top light: from the stage above the stage to the light, from front to back into a row of top light, two rows of top light, three rows of top light ... ... and so on, mainly for the stage of general lighting, enhance the stage illumination, and A lot of scenery, props of fixed-point irradiation, mainly by the top light to solve.


5, backlight: from the stage in the reverse direction of the projection of light (such as the top light, bridge light and other reverse exposure), can be sketched out the characters, King said the outline, enhance the sense of three-dimensional and transparent, but also as a specific light source.


6, bridge light: on both sides of the stage at the bridge to the stage of the light, mainly used to assist the column light, enhance the three-dimensional, but also for other light inconvenience projection position, but also as a specific light source.


7, foot: from the Taiwan side of the bench to the stage projection of the light, the main auxiliary surface lighting and eliminate the high light due to the face of the face and the formation of the shadow of the jaw.

8, heaven and earth light: from the top of the sky and below the sky to the light, mainly for the curtain of lighting and color changes.

9, the flow of light: located on both sides of the stage on the flow lighthouse, the main auxiliary bridge light, add the stage on both sides of the light or other specific light.


10, chasing light: from the audience or other locations need to use the light bit, mainly used to track the actors or highlight a particular light, but also for the host, is the stage art close-up, play the finishing touch.


Commonly used lamps and features

1, spotlight: stage lighting is the most widely used one of the main light, the current market 1KW, 2KW, to the most widely used 2KW It illuminates the light concentration, the edge of the contour is more clear, can highlight a local, can also enlarge the spot lighting a region, as the main stage of the light source, commonly used in light, slap in the face, side light and other light.

2, soft light: soft and symmetrical, both to highlight a certain part, and no blunt light spot, easy to connect a few lights, the common are 0.3KW, 1KW, 2KW and so on. Used for column light, flow light and other close light.

3, back to light: it is a reflection of the lamp, which is characterized by light hard, high illumination and long range, is a both economic and efficient light, common mainly 0.5KW, 1KW, 2KW, etc., to use the most 2KW.

4, astigmatism: light diffuse, are said, the projection area is large, divided into astigmatism and astigmatism, common 0.5KW, 1KW, 1.25KW, 2KW, etc., for the curtain, can also be used for the theater Taiwan's general lighting.

5, modeling lights: principle between the chase light and spotlight, is a special lighting, mainly for the characters and scenery modeling projection.

6, foot light (also known as lights): soft light, a wide area. Mainly as to the King, Net King cloth light, cloth color, but also in the mouth position assisted surface lighting.


7, light beam (also known as downlight): the current use of a wide range, such as PAR46, PAR64 and other models. Can be used for people and the scene of the various lighting, can also be installed directly on the stage, exposed to the audience, the formation of light array, for the stage decoration and lighting dual role.


8, cast slides (also known as projection slides) and the effect of the sky lights: the stage can be formed on the whole screen, and a variety of special effects, such as: wind, rain, mine, electricity, water, fire, smoke, clouds and so on.


9, computer lights: This is a DMX512 or RS232 or PMX signal control of intelligent lighting, the light color, light, illumination are better than the above conventional lamps developed in recent years, an intelligent lighting, often installed in the surface light, Top light, the stage after the stage and other positions, the operation of the color, shape, plans, etc. can be programmed to run the program. Due to the different power size, the use of the stage to be different. General low-power computer lights, only suitable for ballroom use. On the stage of low-power computer lights, spot is often the stage spotlight, back to light and so on, so in the selection to pay special attention.


10, chasing light: the stage lighting fixtures, characterized by high brightness, the use of lens imaging, can show a clear spot, by adjusting the focal length, but also change the spot virtual reality. There are activities Guanglan, you can easily change the color, the lamp body can run freely and so on. Now the market varieties are more marked index way is not the same as the power of the standard such as: 1KW halogen tungsten light source, 1KW dysprosium light source, 1KW metal halide light source, 2KW metal halide light source, but also to the distance as the standard chasing light Light (light intensity at a certain distance, illumination), such as 8-10m chasing light, 15-30m chasing light, 30-50m chasing light, 50-80m chasing light, etc., and in function is divided into: Mechanical tracking light, the focus, light bar, color are finished manually; the other for the computer chasing light, the focus, light bar, color, adjust the color temperature are automatically pushed through the push and electrical appliances, so in Selection must be carefully selected for a variety of indicators.


Stage light color changer

The design of the color changing device greatly simplifies the number of stage lamps, reduces the labor intensity of the lighting workers, and saves the amount of investment. Therefore, it is an indispensable instrument for the current stage configuration. At present, Color changer and electric and color changer two.


1, the stage mechanical color changer: its design is simple, the price is low, for the 20th century, 80 to mid-90s mainstream products, is now close to the elimination.


2, the stage computer color changer: in recent years developed a new color changer, which uses the international standard DMX-512 signal output, can be controlled by a dedicated controller can also be connected to the computer dimming console use, it has more Mode, high precision, large capacity, distance control and other characteristics, as the current market color changer of the mainstream products.


Lighting control equipment


Market dimmers, mainly analog dimmers and digital dimmers, which are characterized by:

1, analog dimmer: the use of analog dimming technology, the output signal is 0-10V one to one output. General analog dimmer design is simple, less controller channel, dimming curve is poor, but the market price is low, easy to learn to master, for the 20th century, the late 70s to the mid-90s mainstream products. There are 3 Road, 6 Road, 9 Road, 12 Road, 18 Road, 24 Road, 60 Road, 120 Road, etc., each power more than 8KW, but there are 2KW, 4KW, the number of roads as one machine, The number of split machine.


2, digital dimmer: the use of single-chip technology for the DM512 digital signal. Digital dimming console is easy to use (especially the big loop), its dimming function, backup function, marshalling function, dimming curve are better than analog dimming console, the performance price is reasonable, very popular with users. Commonly there are 12 Road, 36 Road, 72 Road, 120 Road, 240 Road, 1000 Road, etc., each way more than 2KW, 4KW, 6KW, 8KW and so on. In the understanding of the lamp, lamp features and control equipment and color changer, you can according to their own characteristics, the use of the size of the size, with lights simple, according to local conditions to design the correct use of the program.



Design Principles

Stage lighting system design is to follow the stage art performance and special use of the requirements of the configuration, the purpose is to perform a variety of performing arts reproduction process required lighting technology equipment, according to the system engineering design and configuration, so that the stage lighting system is accurate and satisfactory To serve the art.


1. Create a complete stage of cloth free space, to meet all the requirements of light

2. 2. In order to enable the system to continue to operate, appropriate increase in reserves and expansion of space;

3. 3. The system's anti-jamming capability and safety as an important design index;

4. 4. High efficiency and energy saving Lenguang new lamps are introduced into the system design;

5. 5. DMX512 digital signal network technology is introduced into all aspects of system design.

Process requirements


1. The system process design and equipment configuration has a comprehensive theater use function, in a short time can rotate a variety of different drama lighting operation program.

2. 2. The system can be designed from a lighting program to another lighting program, the conversion time to complete within 2 hours.

3. 3. The system allows the use of all configurations of various types of lamps and other supplementary equipment.

4. The system is designed with sufficient safety and storage capacity, the entire system without interrupting the main power supply under the premise of the main control station for continuous diagnosis.

5. The equipment in the system is in full accord with the technical requirements of the background noise. In the empty state, the noise of all the lighting equipment and the noise of the ambient environment are not higher than NR25. The noise of the test equipment is not more than 30dB.


6. The expansion capability of the system is intended to be reserved at the beginning of the design of the system, such as power silicon control capacity, network capacity, future funding or new technology, so that the system will not be due to lack of design and large area to modify or update to achieve savings Capital and rapid adaptation to changing needs.

Design Notes

Stage lights arranged in the top of the light, the location of cloth array cloth, the various parts of the stage are cloth light spots, put an end to the dead zone, can be flexible on-demand combination.

1. Top light system design configuration

2. Top light role is the depth of the stage performance space for the necessary lighting, the top light configuration used in a variety of lamps, greatly improving the light transmission, can be used for the stage top light cloth or dyeing

A. Configuration lamps are distributed as follows:

B. Over the stage, a total of 20 dome boom. Where each top of the light with a different number of lamps

B. Lamp arrangement and projection method:

The first top of the top light and surface light convergence starring area, the convergence of attention to the height of the characters in the first top of the light position as fixed light and placement of special effects lighting, and select part of the lamp to enhance the performance of the fulcrum of the lighting; Road to the tenth to the stage after the direct vote, but also vertical down projection, can enhance the stage character modeling and scenery space lighting. Before and after the convergence of light, so that the stage performance area to obtain a more uniform color and brightness


2. Fixture design configuration

3. Fixtures are mainly arranged on the stage above the top of the light pole, you can adjust the lamp projection angle, brightness, change the pattern, beam size, color and other functions to ensure that the performance of the computer to meet the changes in lighting requirements.

3. Light color changer design configuration

4. Installed in some of the lamps on the color changer, the role of stage light, dyeing, color changes, set off the plot, to achieve the effect of colorful.


Design Basis

According to the existing national standards, norms, and with reference to the internationally accepted norms. The concept of basic technical basis, here for reference and equivalent. (Including characteristic parameter requirements standard, characteristic parameter measurement method standard, electrical design specification, safety requirements, etc.)


"Hall sound reinforcement system acoustic characteristics of indicators" GYJ25-86;

"Hall of the sound characteristics of the measurement method" GB / T4959-1995;

"Preferred mating value for acoustic system equipment interconnection" GB14197-93;

"Objective evaluation of the hall language intelligibility RASTI law" GB / T14476-93;

"Hall reverberation time measurement specification" GBJ76-84;

Code for Design of Electrical Design for Civil Buildings JGJ / T16-92.

"Conference system of electricity and its audio performance requirements" GB / T15381-94

Architectural design;

"Theater Design Code" JGJ57-2000


"Civil building lighting design standards" GBJ133-90

Code for fire protection design of high - rise civil buildings GBJ45-82

Code for fire protection in building design


Technical indicators

The auditing characteristics of the hall are carried out according to the requirements of the national first grade characteristic index. details as follows:

Level 1 Specifications Requirement:

Maximum sound pressure level: greater than or equal to 110dB;

Transmission frequency characteristics: 100 ~ 6300Hz average sound pressure level of 0dB, in this range to allow +/- 4dB, 50Hz-10000Hz to allow +4 ~ -8dB;

Sound gain: -8dB, 125Hz ~ 4000Hz;

Sound field unevenness: less than or equal to 8dB, 1000 ~ 4000Hz;

Total noise level: less than or equal to 30dB (A).


Power supply requirements

In order to ensure the high quality operation of the sound system, the power supply of the PA system is as follows

. The power supply of the PA system should be separated from the lighting power supply, and the power supply should be treated by the regulator equipment.

. PA system power supply transformer group should be with the lighting, air conditioning and other large current supply power transformer transformer group separately.

. PA system power supply capacity AC 220V / 10 kVA, conditional, the best two-way power supply, the main and standby automatically switch.

. Power lines and sound pipelines should be avoided in parallel, if it can not be overcome, the interval shall not be less than 50cm

To sum up, my company in your stage equipment design and product selection, will always be rigorous professional means, a serious and responsible attitude for your unit design that is scientific and reasonable and economical and practical program. At the same time, we hope that you can put forward our valuable comments and suggestions.


designing process


Multi-point lighting and three-dimensional cloth at the same time to use the scene to meet the needs of different performances, set the light, the top light, side light, backlight, slap in the face, flow light.

1) in front of the front of the stage to do two stage light, used as the main stage of the stage, the main surface is mainly used to meet the needs of people facing the light and highlight the character expression of the character, more vivid outline of the actor's performance characteristics, As the light position from the stage far away, so the light selection of the factory production of 2KW spotlights 16 and 2KW back to light 20; spotlight projection distance from the long light; back light projection angle wide spot suitable for large area shop Light to enhance the stage illumination; and the installation of the surface light color changer for changing the light color contrast stage story scene.

2) 2) on the stage to do two top light, to illuminate the top of the characters and part of the scene light, the choice of 12 2KW spotlight, 12 2KW soft light. Spotlight light effect highlights the characteristics of characters and objects; soft light to soften the essence of objects and objects to restore the color; at the same time with the use of marshalling group changes in the application, can produce different lighting effects.

3) 3) side light is located on both sides of the stage, used to describe and suppress the characters and objects of the left and right contour of the shadow area, selected 2KW spotlight 6 and 2KW back light 6. Use the spotlight and back light hard spot to make the outline more prominent, more delicate.

4) 4) two backlit set in the top light rear, a total of 24 sets of 1KW PAR beam lights (cheese lights) and 8 2KW back light to use their bright light highlights the characters and objects in the overall sense of contours.

5) to make up for the surface light, the top light, side light and backlight on the characters and objects outline the lack of contrast caused by the dark side, improve clarity, set in the stage and slap in the face, flow light. The distance from the stage far from the use of six 2KW spotlights and 6 2KW back light points around; flow of light with 8 2KW back light, with a mobile bracket placed on the left and right sides of the stage to add the light of the light In place.

6) In order to make the stage show true reproduction, set the stage background lights, selected eight 1250W sky light, eight 1250W to the lights, to achieve uniform background light effect.

7) 7) In order to avoid the stage performance bland, especially for the part of the lamp equipped with a professional color changer, with the dimming console group of timely use, will make the performance to achieve a significant effect.

Above the lighting system configuration, refer to: JGJ57-2000, GB / 14076-93, GYJ45-92, GBTXXX, GB500116-98 and other relevant national industry standards.


Hanging machine according to your drawings, combined with the lighting system, and according to your actual construction of the construction of the hanging equipment configuration was designed as follows:

1) will be a benchmark 1: located on the inside of the mouth, for the display of conference slogans, highlighting the theme of the meeting (also can play to avoid the stage into the audience within the scope of the role).

2) 2) stage screen 1: located in the logo, the curtain in the form of uniform telescopic, stepless speed off the open, uniform speed off, butterfly screen, etc., we choose for you is the average speed off Type curtain system; the curtain is the stage of the portal, but also the stage one of the main curtain facilities. It is mainly used for the opening and closing of the performance of the opening and closing, and sometimes used as a venue to use.

3) 3) the stage of the next post 1: the main foundation with the same screen, the choice of the electric off the secondary system; as the main stage of the curtain, its role is mainly used for solo, singing, solo and other forms of performance of the curtain, and In a variety of drama, opera fragments, the use of his opening and closing to replace the scenery and props.

4) 4) backdrop (sky) 1: type of boom-type boom, the string-type, fixed and so on. Selected a fixed backdrop, the sky is for the performance of the slide show with the screen. In the performance, according to the development of the plot, the replacement of different scenery or scenery, in the slide under the transformation, so that the audience has a feeling of immersive.

5) 5) stage light pole 5: light pole used to install the stage lighting to meet the different performances when the lamp replacement, saving time and effort, convenient and quick. On the stage at the top of the top 2 pole, 2 anti-beam, the background light pole 1 Road.

6) 6) Stage side light is very important in the stage lighting, its position is installed in the side lighthouse, set in the stage on the left and right side of the table over.

7) 7) Edge of the road 3, along the curtain 3: for hanging along the edge of the screen, the edge is the stage on both sides of the curtain, it plays to cover the audience on both sides of the stage line of sight, is to add spectators to the stage Beauty design, while enhancing the audience on the stage of the three-dimensional. Along the stage as the stage along the mouth, blocking the audience over the stage of sight, thus setting off the stage of the beautiful.

8) 8) King 14 Road: King pole for hanging scene gable, for the stage of the necessary mechanical equipment (props), according to the specific circumstances of the use of the show will show the results of the vivid.

9) Above the hanging system configuration, refer to: JGJ57-2000, GB / 14076-93, GYJ45-92, GBTXXX, GB500116-98, SJ2112XX and other relevant national industry standards.


Lamp type


54x3w led par light, moving head light, strobe lights ,laser light, smoke machine, fog machine,


Stage layout

In the case of frame-type stage, the stage lighting type is divided into: light, slap, top light, column light, side light 1 (bridge light, cage), side light 2 (high flow, low flow), backlight, (Heaven and earth row), feet light.


People on the stage as a benchmark

Face light: installed on the stage outside the top of the screen, the audience hall at the top of the lights, points together, two, three, behind the box light, the central spotlight also have a similar effect.


Device and use: mainly to the front stage of the stage (such as the curtain line after 8-10m), for people to shape or constitute the three-dimensional effect on the stage.


Equipped with lamps: spotlight, back light;


Side lights: lights in the theater upstairs on both sides of the lighting, light from both sides to the stage performance area


Device and use: for the light fill light


Equipped with lamps: with the light;

Slap in the face, placed in the stage on the left and right sides of the screen near the mouth of the location, the light from the side to the stage performance area


Device and use: similar to the surface light, was crossed around the stage, used to strengthen the stage sets, props and characters of the three-dimensional.


Equipped with lamps: spotlight, back light;


Top light: the top of the stage lamps, generally installed in the lifting hanger, mainly used in the stage in the field after the cloth light, from the mouth are: one, two, three, four;


Device and use: to the stage after the performance area, mainly for the need for strong light from the top of the occasion.


Equipped with lamps: spotlight, back light, astigmatism;

Column light: installed in the stage fake mouth inside, from the inside of the mouth cast light to the performance area, can be divided into a column of light, two column light. Also known as the inner ear light.


Device and use: to make up for light, slap in the face.


Equipped with lamps: low power condenser, soft light;

Foot: the stage inside the lips, oblique on the actor and the curtains

Device and use: make up the surface is too steep, to eliminate the actor in front of the shadow, closing the curtain, change the screen color.


Equipped with lamps: spotlight;


Side light: the stage on both sides of the bridge, from both sides of the high side of the stage, can be divided into a side light, two side light, three to side light. Also known as bridge light


Device and use: lighting actor face auxiliary lighting, and can strengthen the level of scenery

Equipped with lamps: spotlight;


Day light: installed in the top of the sky before the curtain, specifically the curtains

Device and use: for the sky set, the general distance from the sky 2-6m, change the sky color and background, sub-row, two rows, three rows.


Equipped with lamps: astigmatism, floodlights;


To light: the front of the sky below, live a special row of ditch, backlit light to the sky

Device and use: distance from the sky 1-2m, for the performance of the horizon, horizontal lines, alpine sunrise and other special effects


Equipped with lamps: astigmatism, floodlights;


Flow light: the stage on both sides with lighthouse, can flow at any time lamps


Device and use: to strengthen the atmosphere, the angle can be temporarily mobilized, the lamp height of about 2m, the general power larger. From the side of the actor.


Equipped with lamps: condenser, back light, soft light.


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