- Sep 09, 2017 -
Stage lighting is an important part of the performance space. Is based on the development of the plot and the specific scenes required for a full range of vision
The lighting design of the environment, and the purpose of the design intent to reproduce the visual image of the audience to the artistic creation. Should be comprehensive, systematic consideration of the characters and plot of space modeling, rigorously follow the shape of the law, the use of good means.
Shaping the image of the role and creative description A), contour backlight
B) psychological description - dialogue, monologue, memories, hope, fantasy
C) creative description - concrete, abstract, realistic, non-realistic
Stage space environment
A) the performance of the space environment -
B) the performance of the time environment -
C) Performance of seasonal environment -
D) Performance of other environments -
Grasp the atmosphere of the stage to form a relationship
A) Brightness relationship - the development of the degree of light / perspective / those who grab before the dark back / dark contrast control / high-profile - emphasis / low-key - the effect is significant
B) color relationship - reality / decoration / saturation / color temperature / color contrast - color contrast
C) Spatiotemporal relationship - time color change / zone change / perspective perception / distance sense
D) relationship relationship - emotional communication / psychological resonance
E) formal relationship - natural / exaggeration / abstraction
F) Aesthetic relations - works with performance and wiping; aesthetic standards and / performance effects / literacy
G) subjective objective relationship - the concept of subjective expression of the plot; objective reproduction of the lighting composition of the space
H) primary and secondary relationship - focus on people and non-key figures, the effect of people and King - people bright and King Liang; emphasis on focus - to reduce the non-key, local fulcrum -
I) contextual relationship - the same scene can produce different light effects, so that the scene is affectionate;
J) Creation of vocabulary relations - with independent ideas; closely related to the plot; continuous lighting effect of the screen
Technical support and implementation A) visual features - phototaxis / adaptability / fatigue
B) Appropriate brightness - the size of the theater and the auditorium / the distance / content request / cast distance / projection area / power / light efficiency utilization
C) Combination of light fixtures - Use of lamp performance / Multi-lamp arrangement / Lamp combination Common / fixed point light / single lamp light / effect equipment application
D) Lighting effect - Projection angle - Projection direction / Zone combination Connection / Lamp concealment mode - Exposure mode
E) control and operation - dimming - changing voltage / coinciding with the plot Temporal conversion / changing timing - lines - body - tunes - sound / programming, operation, management
Early drama had an open-air or semi-open performance history, all with sunlight as a light source. But with the venue into the indoor or night performances, began to appear
Stage lighting. According to the text records, 1102 years later, the Northern Song Dynasty Bianliang, every Lantern Festival are performing "hundred drama", the stands downstairs with the wooden base into the stage, Taiwan on both sides of the stacking up the lights on a pendant Zhang Yu, internal combustion rafters, which is the beginning of China's artificial light source. In the 16th century, if you were performing at night outdoors, a bonnet was made as a light source with a dipped resin rope. 15 to 16 century, the Italian designer division of the shade lighting test. At the beginning of the 17th century the Italians made a variety of tests to control the light in the show. And the French classical performance has also done how to show a day and night time to change the attempt. Since the 18th century, the show off the audience stadium lights, leaving only stage lighting, has formed a practice. 1755 Dresden theater opera "Yeou", the stage lit candles up to 8000 as much. Since the 19th century, the light source has changed rapidly. 1808 London Lanxin Theater first used a gas lamp. Because the gas lamp can be unified control of the pipeline and can be bright and dark changes to be promoted. British H. de la Montomer invented the lime lamp, on the stage can produce similar to sunlight or moonlight light color. In 1870 the United Kingdom used lime lights as chasing light, and then painted on the lime lamp paint on the shade to obtain shade effect. 1846 Paris Opera for the first time the use of arc light source, and then use the arc light to produce color silk filter and created with five consecutive lights to show the sun from sunset to the whole process of the stage image. At the beginning of the 20th century, after the advent of tungsten filament lamp, the stage provided a light spotlight, and for the performance of the stage space, creating the stage atmosphere provides favorable conditions. Dimmer of the invention, the unified management of the lighting system and the use of color filters, have strengthened the stage lighting performance. In 1920 the Italian M. Fultoni designed a soft light reflection system, using the arc light reflected from the silk to simulate the natural light color performance sky illusion.
At the beginning of the 20th century Swiss stage artist A. Apia and the British director, stage artist Gordon Gray has put forward the theory of light art modeling, requiring light to express visual sculpture, musical sense and stage space movement and rhythm The Practice has proved that it opens up a vast world of light art. In the modernist performances, futuristic and expressionist performances are very important to the role of stage lighting. Such as the use of flashing lights to create a turbulent stage atmosphere; to cut the light instead of closing, making the montage on the stage scenes. 20 years German director E. Piccato first used the film on the stage approach. In the 1950s the stage artist of the Czechoslovakia, J. Swaborda created a multi-screen, multi-level multi-angle projection technology and a different lighting shaping technique, which enriched the stage lighting of the modeling language, further promoted the lighting art development of.
After the Song Dynasty in China, the stage had used artificial lighting, the Qing Dynasty Zhang Dai's "Tao Anmeng memory" has written records, lanterns also began in the Song Dynasty. Liu Huiji in the show "Tang Ming Huang swim Moon Palace" when used to change the light. The late Qing Dynasty, the palace and the people are performing "light color drama." Guangxu ten years (1884) Empress birthday, a show to use candles 448, and folk performances "Cowherd and Weaver" also used a lot of magpie lights. After the Revolution of 1911, the Chinese theater generally uses a gas or light lighting. From 1933 Shanghai staged "roar it, China!" "From time to time, the Chinese stage began to build a stage condenser projection system. After 1954, has built a number of international standards in the theater, the introduction and establishment of China's own stage lighting series, the development of China's unique performance of the slide show.